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National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986
Congress enacted the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986, 42 U.S.C. §§ 300aa-1 to 300aa-34, to address manufacturers' liability concerns relating to the distribution of vaccines and to minimize the public health dangers posed by low vaccine supplies. The Act created a no-fault compensation program for childhood vaccine-injury victims to be funded by an excise tax on each dose of vaccine. As a predicate to receiving compensation under the Act, injured persons are required to file a petition in the United States Court of Federal Claims demonstrating, among other things, that he or she "incurred unreimbursable expenses . . . in an amount greater than $1,000."