Punitive Damages Reform: HB 1297 (1997); Amended N.D. Cent. Code, § 32-03.2-11.
Requires a plaintiff to show by a preponderance of the
Requires a plaintiff to show by a preponderance of the evidence that a defendant acted with oppression, fraud, or actual malice before a moving party may amend pleadings and claim punitive damages.
This isn’t just about legal technicalities; it’s about New Yorkers’ livelihoods and ability to make ends meet.
Plaintiff-friendly courts tilt the scales of justice at will.
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From Coasts to Courts, State Struggles Under Weight of Judicial Hellholes® Title